What the Bible Affirms About...The Lord's Supper


We will continue our study of the major doctrines of the Christian faith today. Our next stop is to see what the Bible affirms about the Lord’s Supper. Our goal today will be to answer four questions on the subject (listed below).

READ Scripture- This is the Word of God (1 Corinthians 11:23-28)

What is the Lord’s Supper?

It is the Body and Blood of the Lord Jesus Christ. It was inaugurated by the Lord on the night of His betrayal in the upper room. Now, we are not people that believe that these emblems are or becoming the actual, physical body and blood of the Lord. Jesus was not telling us to drink blood which was actually prohibited in the Mosaic Law and was against the teaching of the Apostles. We believe that the bread and juice represent the body and blood of the Lord. Partaking in these emblems signifies our devotion to and faith in Christ’s atoning work on the cross. It symbolizes our union with Him, as we consume the bread and juice. It also demonstrates our common bond, as we partake of the same bread and cup. We are one body all with the same Lord and Spirit. When we commune with the body and blood of the Lord, we remember the Lord’s death.

Why Participate in the Lord’s Supper?

We participate in the Lord’s Supper because Jesus said, “Do this in remembrance of Me” that is, continue to do this in remembrance of Me (1 Cor 11:24-25). First and foremost, we participate in the Lord’s Supper because we have been commanded by the Lord to do so.

Another reason we partake of the Supper is because we see that it was the practice of the early church (and I will show you more Scripture on this in just a bit).

A third reason we participate in the Lord’s Supper is because it is a means of grace. There is no power of grace in the elements themselves, but in the event of the church we receive grace. When we come together to remember and proclaim the sacrificial death of the Lord, we encounter once again the loving grace of God – forgiveness of sins, and the gift of eternal life.

Why Participate in the Lord’s Supper Every Week?

We participate in the Lord’s Supper every week because the Apostle said, “For as often as you eat this bread and drink this cup, you proclaim the Lord’s death till He comes” (1 Cor 11:26). The phrase “as often” could be taken to mean once a month, once a quarter, or once a year I suppose, but we make it our practice to take it as often as every first day of the week.

In (1 Cor 11:20) the Apostle says, “Therefore when you come together in one place, it is not to eat the Lord’s Supper.” He then goes on to scold them for their conduct in the gatherings which tells me that the Lord’s Supper was the reason that they were supposed to come together.

(Acts 2:42) tells us of four devotional activities that the early church continued in. One of those things is the breaking of bread. The church was devoted to the Supper!

We need the weekly reminder of the Lord’s death. It should control our lives week after week. Why do you think that the Lord said, “Do this in remembrance of Me”? We are sinful people who are often weak, and we tend to stray. The Apostle John says in (1 John 1:8), “If we say that we have no sin, we deceive ourselves, and the truth is not in us.” We need to be reminded of the death of the Lord, and we also need to be confronted with our own sins. It is at the Table that we meet anew the grace of God in the person and accomplishments of Jesus Christ.

How Should we Participate in the Lord’s Supper?

We want to teach and practice what the Bible affirms concerning the Lord’s Supper.

[1] We are to eat and drink in a worthy manner, first examining ourselves (1 Cor 11:27-28). If there is anything clear from this passage in 1 Corinthians, it is that the sin that the church was guilty of was the neglect of brothers and sisters. You see, when you partake of the meal you are partaking with the person beside you, in front of you, behind you, all around you in the assembly. When you partake, you partake as a member of this congregation- intimately connected to all the other men and women here who have put their faith in Christ. Thus, examining one’s self must include your relationship to the entire church, not just personally. This involves searching your own heart, considering your own life, and reflecting on your Christian relationships with brothers and sisters and with God. If there is a wicked way found in us, we are called to confess it to God who is quick and just to forgive us our sins and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness.

[2] The Lord’s Supper is a time to give thanks. Remember that when Jesus took the bread and the cup, He first lifted it to heaven and gave thanks. We do the same, thanking the God for the life-giving sacrifice of Jesus Christ.

[3] The Lord’s Supper is a time to proclaim the Lord’s death until He comes. When we put the bread and cup to our lips, we proclaim the Gospel of Jesus Christ; God made Christ who knew no sin to be sin for us that we might become the righteousness of God in Him.


What is the Lord’s Supper? It is communion with the “body and blood of the Lord.”

Why do we participate in the Supper? Our Lord said, “Do this in remembrance of Me.”

Why participate weekly? The Apostle said, “As often as you eat this bread and drink this cup.”

How should we participate? First examining, remembering, giving thanks, and proclaiming